Influenza spreads mainly person-to-person when infected people cough or sneeze. It is a highly contagious seasonal disease that spreads via airborne droplets and contaminated surfaces. People can spread the flu even if they don't know they’re sick.
Most deaths and hospitalizations from influenza and its related complications occur in babies, the elderly, and people with weakened immune systems. However, most flu transmissions come from young, healthy, unvaccinated children and adults. That is why vaccination is such an important part of flu prevention.
• Get your seasonal flu vaccination.
• Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue or your arm when you cough or sneeze.
• Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.
• Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. (Use soap and warm water. Wash for 15 to 20 seconds.) Alcohol-based hand sanitizers are also effective.
• Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread that way.
• Clean work and household surfaces often
• Wear a mask if you have a weakened immune system
• Get plenty of sleep
• Exercise and eat well
• Try to avoid close contact with sick people.
• Stay home if you become sick.